What is R2P?
The Responsibility to Protect – known as R2P – refers to the obligation of states toward their populations and toward all populations at risk of genocide and other mass atrocity crimes. R2P stipulates three pillars of responsibility:
- Pillar One: Every state has the Responsibility to Protect its populations from four mass atrocity crimes: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing.
- Pillar Two: The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist individual states in meeting that responsibility.
- Pillar Three: If a state is manifestly failing to protect its populations, the international community must be prepared to take appropriate collective action, in a timely and decisive manner and in accordance with the UN Charter.
How are genocide and crimes against humanity committed in Venezuela?
Genocide is defined in Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) as “any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; [and] forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.”
Nicolas Maduro´s regimen systematically exterminates the Venezuelan population by denying the right to drinking water, electricity, fuel, food, and medicine. The dictatorship blackmails, segregates and exterminates opposing social groups with precision through ideological plans called “missions” and a parallel non-official identity card called “carnet de la Patria” (homeland card) to aim, pursue, imprison, torture and eventually kill those protesters who do not possess it, counting on the brutality of its security forces, armed militias and the criminal bands called “colectivos“.
Why Venezuelans can not act on their own?
For the last five years, Maduro’s dictatorial regime systematically appropriated and took control of all nation’s wealth, resources, infrastructure, productive apparatus, and public services, deliberately inflicting on the Venezuelan people conditions of life to bring about its physical destruction and a massive exodus of population.
The Venezuelan Council of National Elections (CNE), the Supreme Court of Justice (TSJ), the Judiciary, the Military, and the security forces are kidnapped and in the hands of pro-regime members. Altogether they had illegally impeded and violently repressed the efforts of the Venezuelan population to democratically revoke the criminal regime of Nicolás Maduro.
The Venezuelan population does not have conventional mechanisms or institutions to protect themselves from the violation of human rights.
The Venezuelan Crisis is not an internal political issue but a global humanitarian duty. It’s time to save lives, to prevent the escalation of violence, to stop an unprecedented population displacement and a world peace menace induced by terrorist groups and criminal organizations supporting an illegitimate corrupted regime that has established a drug trafficking haven in America.
The criminal regimes can’t be defeated with diplomacy but the military enforcement lead by those nations who believe in democracy, prosperity and the rule of law.